1. In accordance with Article 9(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010, ESMA may, where the conditions in paragraphs 2 and 3 are fulfilled, temporarily prohibit or restrict in the Union:
(a) the marketing, distribution or sale of certain financial instruments or financial instruments with certain specified features; or
(b) a type of financial activity or practice.
A prohibition or restriction may apply in circumstances, or be subject to exceptions, specified by ESMA.
2. ESMA shall take a decision under paragraph 1 only if all of the following conditions are fulfilled:
(a) the proposed action addresses a significant investor protection concern or a threat to the orderly functioning and integrity of financial markets or commodity markets or to the stability of the whole or part of the financial system in the Union;
(b) regulatory requirements under Union law that are applicable to the relevant financial instrument or activity do not address the threat;
(c) a competent authority or competent