In regard to non-life insurance, this Directive shall not apply to the following operations:
(1) capital redemption operations, as defined by the law in each Member State;
(2) operations of provident and mutual benefit institutions whose benefits vary according to the resources available and in which the contributions of the members are determined on a flat-rate basis;
(3) operations carried out by organisations not having a legal personality with the purpose of providing mutual cover for their members without there being any payment of premiums or constitution of technical reserves; or
(4) export credit insurance operations for the account of or guaranteed by the State, or where the State is the insurer.